at-Tazkirah: التذكرة

“And keep reminding, because reminding benefits the believers.” (51:55)

Origins of all 5 Prayers

This is taken from Hadhrat Mufti Abdur Rauf Sakkharwee Sahib’s ‘Some Serious Mistakes In Salaat’. I have posted this book already before (‘Correct Performance of Salah‘), but I thought this interesting excerpt of it was worth his own post. It’s about the origins and wisdom of all five obligatory prayers.

About the Author: Hadhrat Mufti Abdur Rauf Sakkharwee Sahib is the Deputy Mufti at the famous Darul Uloom Koranghi, Karachi, and is a Senior Khalifah of the late Hadhrat Mufti Muhammad Shafee Sahib rahmatullah alayh, who founded the Darul Uloom. He has written extensively on various fiqh issues and is a regular contributor to Al-Balaagh, which is a magazine published monthly by the Darul Uloom.

Fajr salaat
The first person to offer the two rak’ats of Fajr salaat was Hadhrat Adam alayhis salaam. He was taken out of Paradise, which was illuminated, and sent into the world. When he arrived here it was night-time. This made him deeply anxious and distressed. Slowly it began to light up and subha sadiq appeared. Hadhrat Adam alayhis salaam felt revivified. Before sunrise he offered two rak’ats of salaat by way of thanksgiving. The first rak’at was for the dispelling of darkness and the second in gratefulness of the daylight. Almighty Allah liked this prayer so much that He made the two rak’ats of Fajr salaat obligatory on the Ummat of Rasoolullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam (E’nayah).

Zuhr salaat
The first person to offer the four rak’ats of Zuhr salaat was Hadhrat Ibrahim alayhis salaam. The salaat was performed after successfully fulfilling the command of Almighty Allah and offering his son Hadhrat Ismail alayhis salaam for sacrifice. The first rak’at was performed to thank Almighty Allah for helping him overcome this difficult test; the second for substituting a ram (from Paradise) for Hadhrat Ismail alayhis salam; the third for the direct address he received from Almighty Allah, saying:

“And We called out to him: “O Ibrahim! You have fulfilled the dream (vision)!” Verily! Thus We do reward the Muhsinun.” (The Qur’an, As-Saffat 37:104-5)

(i.e. good-doers, who perform good deeds totally for Allah’s sake only, without any show off or to gain praise or fame etc. And do them in accordance to Allah’s Orders) .

The fourth rak’at was performed to thank Almighty Allah for granting him such a patient child. Had Hadhrat Ismail alayhis salaam flinched, it would have been difficult for Hadhrat Ibrahim alayhis salaam to fulfil the command of Almighty Allah. Accordingly, after seeing the dream Hadhrat Ibrahim alayhis salaam consulted with his son: “O my son! I have seen in a dream that I must sacrifice you. So what do you think?” The son replied: “O my father! Do that which you are commanded, Insha’Allah, you will find me amongst the patient.” Almighty Allah liked this prayer of Hadhrat Ibrahim alayhis salaam so much that He made the four rak’ats of Zuhr salaat obligatory on the Ummat of Rasoolullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam (E’nayah).

Asr salaat
The first person to perform the four rak’ats of Asr salaat was Hadhrat Yunus alayhis salaam. Almighty Allah has reported his plea while inside the belly of the fish as follows:

“But he cried through the darkness (saying): La ilaha illa Anta [none has the right to be worshipped but You (O, Allah), Glorified (and Exalted) be You above all that (evil) they associate with You]. Truly, I have been of the wrongdoers.” So We answered his call, and delivered him from the distress. And thus We do deliver the believers.” (The Qur’an, Al-Ambiyya 21:87-88)

(i.e. who believe in the oneness of Allah, abstain from evil and work righteousness)”

After being taken out of the fish’s belly, he offered thanksgiving prayer of four rak’ats for being freed from four states of darkness. Firstly, the darkness of the fish’s stomach; secondly, the darkness of the water; thirdly, the darkness of the clouds; and fourthly, the darkness of the night. Almighty Allah liked this prayer of Hadhrat Yunus alayhis salaam so much that He made the four rak’ats of Asr salaat obligatory on the Ummat of Rasoolullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam (E’nayah).

Maghrib salaat
The first person to perform the three rak’ats of Maghrib salaat was Hadhrat Dawood alayhis salaam. Prophets alayhis salaatu wassalam are innocent and do not commit sins. However, if they make any mistakes or errors, albeit slightly, they are duly admonished. Hadhrat Dawood alayhis salaam once happened to err. Subsequently, Almighty Allah pardoned him:

“So We forgave him.” (The Qur’an, Saad 38:25)

By way of thanksgiving, Hadhrat Dawood alayhis salaam commenced four rak’ats of salaat. He had performed the first three rak’ats when contrition so overtook him, he was unable to proceed with the fourth rak’at. Accordingly, he terminated the salaat after the first three rak’ats (Bazlul Majhood). Almighty Allah liked this prayer of Hadhrat Dawood alayhis salaam so much that He made the three rak’ats of Maghrib salaat obligatory on the Ummat of Rasoolullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam.

Isha’ salaat
There are two reports regarding the wisdom of the four rak’ats of Isha’ salaat. The first says that Hadhrat Musa alayhis salaam was the first person to perform this salaat. He had stayed with Hadhrat Shuayb alayhis salaam for ten years and was returning with his family to Misr (Egypt). While travelling he was besieged with four anxieties: first, his honourable wife was expecting; secondly, the journey was particularly lengthy; thirdly, he was concerned about the welfare of his brother Hadhrat Harun alayhis salaam; and fourthly, he was worried about his mortal enemy Fir’awn. With these four worries he was travelling and then they got lost which added to the distress. He walked in a perplexed state until they approached Mount Toor, standing on the right side facing the west. It was a dark and cold night. The honourable wife’s labour had begun, and the flint stone did not produce a spark. In this agonising and distressing situation, he saw a fire from Mount Toor. He told his family members to remain behind while he went to Mount Toor to collect some flames. When he reached Mount Toor he was favoured with the special privilege of conversing with Almighty Allah, Who said:

“And when he came to it (the fire), he was called by name: “O Musa! Verily! I am your Lord! So take off your shoes, you are in the sacred valley, Tuwa. And I have chosen you. So listen to that which is inspired to you.” (The Qur’an, Ta-Ha 20:11-13)

This honour of talking to Almighty Allah removed from Hadhrat Musa alayhis salaam all four anxieties he had faced. Someone has aptly remarked:

If I find you there is no illness,
If I don’t, there is no cure.

It was Isha’ time when Hadhrat Musa alayhis salaam performed the four rak’ats of thanksgiving for the removal of all four anxieties. Almighty Allah liked this prayer so much that He made the four rak’ats of Isha’ obligatory on the Ummat of Rasoolullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam (E’nayah).

According to the second report, the first perform to perform the four-rak’ats of Isha’ salaat was Rasoolullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam (Bazlul Majhood). This is another reason why this salaat is particularly important.


Filed under: Prophets, Salaah

18 Responses

  1. Faisal says:

    very informational.. thank you

  2. Irving says:

    Most excellent post :) I may repost in on the Darvish blog and credit you, of course :)

    Ya Haqq!

  3. […] grateful thanks to the most excellent True Life […]

  4. JazakAllah, very nice brother!

  5. Sidra says:

    mashah Allah u’ve done a great job by sharing the origin of five prayers! keep up da good work!

  6. What is the origen of word “Masnoon”

  7. True Life says:

    It is derived from the word sunnah. A thing that is masnoon, is a thing that was made sunnah. It is normally used to refer to a thing that was made sunnah by the Prophet Himself (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam).

  8. curous says:

    With all due respect it would be a great service to all Muslims if you could mention the primary sources of the five origins of prayers in other words citations Thanks

  9. keen to learn says:

    I have never read this before. Thank you for informing us. This is the kind of information that should be relayed to the youth of today, so they understand the reasons behind the fardh salaat.

  10. Shareef Muhammad says:

    Where is your proof for any of this?

  11. sanaulla says:

    How this Soofi got all this information.

    Their main aim is to fabricate stories to present Isalm as a mythological religion , than a practical one based on logic and rational.

    I was reading a book by Moulana Zakaria titled ‘masha’ikh chist’. There are many funny stories, to give an example,

    KHWAAJAH MAUDOOD CHISHTI(rahmatullah alayh)
    He had acquired the miracle of
    Tay’ul Ardh (i.e. to traverse great distances in moments). When he wished to perform tawaaf, he would in moments be miraculously in Makkah Mukarramah.
    He had also acquired the capabilities known as Kashf-e-Quloob (Revelation of the hearts) and Kashf-e-Quboor (Revelation of the graves).
    Shaikh Maudood passed away in the beginning of Rajab 427 Hijri at the age of 97 years. His first Janaazah Salaat was performed by invisible (ghaib) men. Thereafter the general public performed the Janaazah Salaat. After the Janaazah Salaat, the Janaazah of its own accord, moved in mid-air. Seeing this miraculous event of Khwajah Maudood, numerous people accepted Islam.

    Is it religion or mockery of the religion?

  12. ramatulie njie says:

    Alhamdullilahi rabil ahlamin (praise be to Allah )who give us dis site to read and no about our religion n u guys will be bless for da prophet (peace be upon him ) said da best among u is da one dat reads da Quran and teaches it .alhamdullilah

  13. akm zahid hussain says:

    Zahid Hussain
    Assalam. This is very splendid background of salat.I have gained knowledge. May Allah SWT be always upon us.

  14. Mohamed says:

    Jazakallah kheir brother,thanks

  15. Golam Mohammed says:

    To all readers & commentators, please if you do not find any reference of these stories of Salaats,( i.e. reference from the Saabis(RA) or any authentic Hadiths) do not trust on.
    May Allah Bless us.

  16. Golam Mohammad—–There are hundreds of such stories in sufi literature. Even in Fazael e Aamal very rarely a ‘sahih hadees’ is quoted. Most often , they are fabricated ahadees or sufi stories.

  17. Haashir says:

    Ist time I read this thanks for this imp information on this one is a great

  18. Muhammad Inam says:

    Assalamu Alaikum! I do not find any reference to this information. Stop misleading the ummah towards false information and Bid’ah and quote Quran or Hadeeth whenever you speak. Many of these commentors are giving shahadah that they are easily misled and you are the cause. Fear Allah before there comes a day when you are questioned about what you do. So remove this post or correct it.

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