at-Tazkirah: التذكرة

“And keep reminding, because reminding benefits the believers.” (51:55)

The Existence of Abdaals


After quoting an extract from the book, Fadhaail-e-Aamaal, the objector states:

`Note: The Deobandi translator of Ikhmaalush Shiyaam defines Abdaal saying, Abdaal are a class of Awliyaa whose identities remain concealed. They possess miraculous powers and execute a variety of tasks under Divine command in various places of the world.’ (Ikhmaalush shiyaam Eng Trans p.59)

The Writer in his ‘note’ here, has quoted the definition of the Abdaal and thereafter refuted it by saying the words, ‘Astaghfirullah’.

After realising his ignorance, perhaps, he should repeat the Istighfaar. The presence of the Abdaal, their extraordinary qualities and powers that Almighty Allah has availed to them is a fact that has been proven through various Ahaadith.

Hafiz Suyooti (RA) has written a complete treatise regarding this topic in which he mentions, “There are several narrations regarding them. Among those are the narrations of: 1) Sayyiduna Umar ibn al-Khattaab, 2) Sayyiduna Ali, 3) Sayyiduna Hudhayfa, 4) Sayyiduna Anas, 5) Sayyiduna Ubaadah ibn Saamit, 6) Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn Abbas, 7) Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn Umar, 8) Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn Mas’ood, 9) Sayyiduna Awf ibn Maalik, 10) Sayyiduna Mu’aadh ibn Jabal, 11) Sayyiduna Waathila ibn al-Asqaa, 12) Sayyiduna Abu-Sa’eed al-Khudriy, 13) Sayyiduna Abu Hurayra, 14) Sayyiduna Abud-Dardaa, 15) Sayyidatuna Umm Salmah (Radhiallaahu Anhum ajma’ee) and many others which are impossible to be enumerated.” (al-Khabaru Daal vol.2 pg.455 of al-Haawi)

In fact, Hafiz Suyooti (RA) and others have accepted that the narrations concerning the Abdaal have reached the status of Tawaatur (highest form of authenticity). (refer Nazmul Mutanaathir minal hadithil mutaawatir pgs.231-232)

Hafiz ibn Hajar (RA) and others have also accepted the authenticity of some of the narrations in which the Abdaal are mentioned.

From the abovementioned narrations, the Hadith of Sayyiduna Anas (Radhiallaahu Anhu) has been classified as Hasan (sound) by Haafiz al-Haythami, the Hadith of Sayyiduna Ubaadah ibn Saamit (Radhiallaahu Anhu) and the Hadith of Sayyiduna ibn Abbaas (Radhiallaahu Anhu) has been classified as Sahih (authentic) by Haafiz ibn Arraaq (RA), the Hadith of Awf ibn Maalik (Radhiallaahu Anhu) has been classified as Hasan (sound) by Hafiz ibn Arraaq. (Tanzihus-Sharee’ah vol.2 pg.307) and the Hadith of Sayyiduna Ali is Hasan (sound) according to Allaamah Suyuti (RA). (Al-la’aaliy vol.2 pg.332) and Hafiz Sakhaawi (RA) has regarded all its narrators as reliable. (al-Maqaasidul Hasanah pg.28)

The following is a list of some of those illustrious Ulama and Muhadditheen that were regarded to be Abdaals, by the scholars of the classical times: 1) Imaam Abdur-Rahmaan ibn Abi Haatim (Muqaddamah ibnus-salaah pg.421), 2) Imaam Abu-Muslim al-Khawlaaniy (Al-Jaami of Khaatib Baghdadi pg.382), 3) Imaam Shaafi’ee (Al-Maqaasidul Hasanah pg.28 and Taarikh Dimishq), 4) Yazeed ibn al-Aswad (Taarikh Dimishq vol.6 pg.112), 5) Imaam Jaabir ibn Marzooq (al-Aadaab of Imaam Bayhaqi pg.326 – Hadith985), 6) al-Qa’anabiy, 7) Hammaad ibn Salamah (Tahzeeb of Haafiz ibn Hajar vol.3 pg.13; Hadith1767), 8) Abdullah ibn Mubaarak (Tahzeeb of ibn Hajar)

From the abovementioned facts, it is firstly apparent that the existence of Abdaals are authentically proven by various illustrious Ulama, let alone in the numerous Ahaadith. Secondly, like the existence of the sun during broad daylight, similar is the case here with the Abdaals. However, this does not mean that these Abdaals are equal to the prophets (Alayhis salaam) as deduced by the objector from the story. The objector states:

‘This story makes this so called Abdaal equal to prophet Moosa (Alayhis salaam) and our messenger Muhammad (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) who spoke directly to Allah.’

First of all, to be common in one aspect does not necessitate equality in everything. If a person dresses like a prophet, does this make both of them equal? Did any of the prophets fly planes? Today, so many people can fly planes. Does this make them better or more knowledgeable than the prophets? Secondly, there is a world of difference between the Abdaals and the prophets (Alayhis salaam) in this very same action of speaking directly to Allah Ta’ala. The manner in which the prophets (Alayhis salaam) speak to Allah Ta’ala is far much different from the one that is between the Abdaals and Allah Ta’ala. In fact, in the holy Qur’aan, Allah Ta’ala states, ‘And your Lord said to the Ant ….’ Would any person in his sane mind even dare to irrationally claim that this ant is equal to any of the messengers of Allah Ta’ala?

The details of this will be explained under the discussion of Kashf and Ilhaam. In order to finally close the door on this discussion with regards to the Abdaal, we will suffice on quoting just one Hadith which will befittingly smash these objections into smitherings.

(Faculty of Specialty in Hadith Sciences
Madrasah In’aamiyyah, Camperdown)

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Filed under: 1. 'Aqaid, 6. History & Biographies, Books, Sunnah & Hadith

17 Responses

  1. […] 1. The Existence of Abdaals 2. The Reality of Kashf 3. Inhabitants of the Grave […]

  2. MuhammadAhmad says:

    I have hardly read a more misleading article stating the names of so many sahabah and tabi’een and relating something completely false to them.

  3. junaid says:

    where have you read akhi? tell us also , so that we can also save our self from those books.

  4. Junaid says:

    Hi,
    What about wahdatulwajood and wahdatushshohood?
    Propagated by Maoolana Ashref Eli thanwi and Imdadolla Mohejir mekki!?

  5. Mohammed Youisf says:

    All respected users are requested to tolerate one another – these differences will never end. On the day of Judgment you shall know the truth – PS DO NOT FOLLOW MAULVIS BLINDLY, YOU SHOULD LEARN QURAN IT MEANING AND SAHI/HASAN HADITH AND BEG ALLAH AZAWAJAL TO GUIDE TOWARDS CORRECT PATH

  6. […] 1.TheExistenceofAbdaals 2.TheRealityofKashf 3. Inhabitants of the Grave […]

  7. Ahmad says:

    Can u Check this site Wx.Ahmadtrini.Tk

  8. Syed sadiq says:

    Can you tell me what is the meaning and what is the work of abdaals and who are the abdaals

  9. Javid says:

    I think that all you sheeply followers of maulvys and unqustionable followers of the arab culture, need to get a brain.

    Very few Pakis and Indians follow the true path of the prophets teachings. there is nothing complex or technical about islam except whn you start going down that road and lose sight of the true meaning of practice of islam.

    The arabs were and still are a bunch of pillocks. and have only been somewhat civelised in the last 1000 years. All you idiots who are from the indian continent ar from a civilisation which is one of the oldest and advanced cultures still in existance today, in case you didnt realise. most of todays knowlege was brought from India , as well as other ancient contributors like china and greece.

    dont forget your culture and heritage. your not arabs and an arab will never accept an Indian as equall, that is there mentality and thy will always be like that.

  10. Spreading true islam says:

    don’t write stories for people to tell to the kids. In your post you have not given a single quote from the quran or quoted a single hadith. you are just giving so and so scholar said this and that. give a reference from either quran or mention the hadiths that prove your story to be true.

  11. said says:

    DEO BANDI always fail to provide any reference from QURAAN and SUNNAH

  12. khalid khattak says:

    Donot cry on Deobands. All is Right the Ulamah of all Fiqah and Classes of Hanafi”s has same ideology. Just try to look into your collar and get onto right path. Allah has given the power to accept Correct and leave wrong. Many of the Evil forces are trying to build disgust between us. Deobands are also muslim and do not do any thing against Quran. Never say any one bad unless you see them and meet them and know their originality.
    Allah will ask about his Prophet(pBUH) , and himself so obey Quran and Sunnat. Leave backbiting etc. IF they got corrected you would be asked to bring reason for calling them bad on the day of Ressurection.
    Asalam o Alaikum

  13. alkhadim says:

    Assalaam-U-Alikum,

    Dear brothers you can conatct Ulama-I-Deoband i.e. the Ulamai-Haqq on below url: –

    http://darulifta-deoband.org/

    Darul Ifta, besides guiding in religio-social matters is also a very forceful means of rapport between Darul Uloom Deoband, and the common run of Muslims.

  14. kamal says:

    what power has Allah granted them ? “their extraordinary qualities and powers that Almighty Allah has availed to them”
    who is the abdal today? i would like the following to answer please (Faculty of Specialty in Hadith Sciences
    Madrasah In’aamiyyah, Camperdown) post the answer at Jamemasjid@msn.com. please if you can post arabic ahadeeth that talk about abdal. Our beloved prophet suffered so much to establish and raise Allah’s word and authority. does not the Quran talk about Allah’s power and negate the power of everything other than Allah? Did rasulullah SAS teach about the power of anyone besides Allah?

  15. khalid says:

    dear kamal, you need to follow the link in the presence of abdall that is http://darulifta-deoband.org/

    so please ask them

  16. Nilofer says:

    Where is this statement in the Quran ” ‘And your Lord said to the Ant ….’
    couldnt find it !!

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